The top 4 leading causes to nerve pain

The top 4 leading causes to nerve pain

Nerve pain is caused by various problems associated with the central nervous system. It can spread to the nerves located in the muscles and body organs. The pain can be a trigger that signals an underlying medical condition like cancer, diabetes, HIV, and even shingles. Nerve pain produces different reactions from people like frustrating pains to devastating and life-changing consequences.

When you experience nerve pain, you will feel a burning sensation, sudden shocks of electricity, pinpricks, or throbbing pain throughout your body. These pains can disrupt your daily life, both at home and at work and limit your ability to move. If it gets too serious, nerve pain can even run you down to the point of needing to rest in bed. Research shows that nerve pain can lead to higher levels of anxiety, higher rates of sleep problems, and depression.

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Nerve pain is a result of progressive nerve disease. It’s usually chronic and can either be as a result of an injury or an infection. Usually, chronic neuropathic pain can flare up at any time without being induced by any specific cause. Acute neuropathic pain also occurs, though it’s a bit uncommon. But, non-neuropathic pain is usually due to an injury or illness. When you hurt your foot or hit it against something hard, the nervous system will send pain signals once your foot is hurt. Below are the top 4 leading causes of nerve pain.


Nerve pain can be a symptom of an underlying complication as a result of suffering from several diseases and conditions. Diseases like diabetes, multiple sclerosis, multiple myeloma, and some types of cancer can sometimes cause neuropathic pain. But, not all who are suffering from these diseases experience this pain.

According to research, there are close to 30 percent of people with Diabetes suffering from nerve pain. People with chronic diabetes commonly experience loss of feeling and numbness, followed by a stinging and burning pain in their limbs.

When it comes to cancer treatment, the treatment itself may cause neuropathic pain. Chemotherapy uses powerful chemicals to target the cancerous cells that can affect the nervous system sending unusual pain signals to your entire body. The use of radiation and surgical procedures in the treatment of cancer and other tumors also affects the nerves. Tumors constrict the nerves as they grow. In some cases, cancers can also grow out of the nerves.

Bad lifestyles such as long-term excessive alcohol intake can also develop into diseases and complications which cause chronic neuropathic pain. Excess alcohol intake affects nerves which can have long-lasting and painful effects.


While it’s an uncommon cause, any injuries to your joints, brain, tissue, back, spine, leg, muscles, and hip-related problems can also lead to nerve pain. This is because these injuries can cause lasting damage to your nerves. Injuries may heal, but the damage to the nervous system takes a while to heal and in some cases, it doesn’t completely heal, leading to persistent pain years after the accident.

Limb loss

When a part of your limb, either your arm or leg is amputated, sometimes an uncommon form of neuropathic pain called phantom limb syndrome can occur. This is because your brain is programmed to receive pain signals from the amputated body part. These false signals that are sent to your brain induce the pain that you feel.


Infections like shingles and HIV/AIDS can cause neuropathic pain though it’s rare. Shingles can make you experience several weeks of neuropathic pain. In some cases, persistent and complicated shingles can even lead to postherpetic neuralgia. Both people with HIV and syphilis infection may experience a burning and stinging unexplained pain.

These are the leading causes of nerve pain but there others which include:

  • vitamin B deficiency
  • facial nerve problems
  • carpal tunnel syndrome
  • arthritis in the spine
  • thyroid problems
  • stroke
  • multiple sclerosis
  • poor blood supply to the nerves
  • hormone imbalances
  • certain medicines
  • trapped nerves, such as in carpal tunnel syndrome or sciatica

Damage to the nerves doesn’t only cause pain but can also cause numbness, tingling, pricking and loss of reflexes. In extreme cases, it can even cause paralysis affecting your digestion and breathing. It’s, therefore, best to see your doctor if you think you might have nerve pain. Your doctor will take you through a thorough neurological exam and run a number of lab tests like CT scans, MRIs, and electromyography. This will enable him to determine the most effective and suitable treatment for nerve pain. Find out more on nerve pain treatment at

Though the treatment might vary depending on your health, the underlying cause, cost and the risks of potential side effects, it will help. For people with serious medical conditions like cancer or HIV, nerve pain can be painful and hard to deal with. But, even though it can’t be cured, it can be treated. It doesn’t matter what the cause might be, if you’re struggling with nerve pain always seek help.

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