Should there be a compulsory education funded by the state?
Should there be a compulsory education funded by the state?
Compulsory education is a long-lasting tradition in many countries. State money is invested in public schools to ensure that all citizens nationwide have the basic knowledge necessary to live in a civilized society. All people need such skills as counting, writing, and reading to understand the laws of their nations, read labels in stores and count money at the ATM, and exchange information in a written form. Therefore, a public school may be a good start helping learners to prepare for adult life and career-building, putting everyone on even ground with surrounding people.
At the same time, the educational system has downsides. It does not take into account individual needs, provides the same approaches regardless of students’ character traits and health state. That is why some parents prefer alternatives like homeschooling and come into conflict with authorities claiming that all children should study at public schools. Knowledge gained individually is considered null and void by many universities and employers.
So, compulsory education has both advantages and disadvantages. Experts from Pro-Papers.com that provide affordable coursework assistance, have analyzed them to help you form an idea of this approach and make a personal conclusion on whether public schools are useful or harmful.
Pros of compulsory education
Homeschooling may be rather expensive if parents hire tutors for each discipline. The same applies to private schools. Even though state educational institutions sometimes charge money for supplies and maintaining sports sections, most expenses are still covered by the government, which makes compulsory education almost three times more budget-friendly. In addition, charitable foundations often donate to public schools.
It is a great plus that children can gain basic knowledge and skills regardless of their families’ financial status. There will be plenty of life situations when they will face social inequality and understand the power of money. But childhood should remain a pure and innocent period. A public school with a unified grading system may instill a belief that everyone can achieve success if working hard and inspire a person to move to an upper social level.
In contrast, if a kid grows in poverty and sees that other children receive more than one’s parents can afford, one gets accustomed to low-caste status, believes that it is one’s fate, and makes fewer efforts to change something in adulthood.
Experts believe that children may be over-coddled, capricious, selfish, stubborn, and less sociable because of homeschooling. A person always loved and pampered by parents finds it difficult to solve interpersonal conflicts and seek compromise with people having opposite goals and value orientations, breaks psychologically when it is necessary to leave a comfort zone, and face competition in the real world.
Public schools provide a less soft social environment. Everyone has to communicate with peers who look, think, communicate, and act not as one does. All community members (poor and rich, black and write, religious and agnostic) can join a class, which diversities social experience, provides the opportunity to get acquainted with different cultures and lifestyles. Young people become more sympathetic if their classmates have physical or mental disabilities, learn to take into account special needs.
Public schools usually closely interact with state-funded colleges and universities. Representatives of higher education institutions may attend lessons, assess students’ academic performance, invite some of them to write an admission essay, offer scholarships, free accommodation in a dorm, or other bonuses.
There are many platforms for profound studying favorite disciplines, sharing ideas with surrounding people. Learners can participate in competitions, conferences, develop creative projects, and receive grants. Teachers usually support and direct them, help to make a career choice.
Public schools do not close their doors after the last bell rings. In addition to passing a standard educational program, young people can expand horizons by listening to lectures on advanced subjects like art and technology, attend sports sections to strengthen health, sing and play different instruments in music clubs, participate in theatre plays.
Such activities make a student community more cohesive, allow children to have fun, spend free time with pleasure, become erudite persons, and develop creative talents that may come in handy in academic life. Since most extracurricular sections are free, parents do not have to spend extra money to bring vivid emotions to their kids’ lives.
Cons of compulsory education
Rigid grading system
Never-ending tests and exams are rather depressing. Learners constantly experience stress, live in anticipation of new trials. Some teachers are way too demanding, believe that lowering marks should stimulate better academic performance. But the result is completely the opposite. Students decide that nobody appreciates their hard work and they will be criticized regardless of efforts made, get disappointed in the educational system, and become indifferent.
Standardized tests are not always able to measure knowledge accurately. Experts developing them do not take into account the learning styles of different children. Some questions may be interpreted in several ways, and students wonder what answer should be given. For their part, teachers check control papers superficially because there are many learners in a class.
Teenagers are rather cruel. They often intimidate their peers to raise self-esteem or receive money. Statistics showed that 25% of kids aged 8-12 were bullied at least once in their lives. Of course, this phenomenon is more characteristic of public schools accepting children from dysfunctional families and poor districts. Such students have many reasons for anger and usually let it out on physically weaker classmates. Private schools are concerned about learners’ safety.
Large class sizes
It may be rather challenging to understand complex topics without one-on-one communication. But teachers cannot pay individual attention to everyone in a 30+ class. Most of them leave a lecture hall once a bell rings. Then assign much material for independent elaboration and do not want to spend personal time on extracurricular consultations.
In contrast, homeschooled kids can count on careful attitude, consider unclear details with a tutor, know that one will not hurry them, or demonstrate irritation.