Crowdsourced (and robotic) problems
Earlier this month there was a somewhat interesting story about how GPS-enabled smartphone users using traffic apps were unknowingly disturbing otherwise quiet neighborhoods. Their narcisstic need to get home (relinquishing every move to their robot navigator) has apparently reached a boiling point thanks to the crowdsourced and anonymous nature of the beast.
When the traffic on Timothy Connor’s quiet Maryland street suddenly jumped by several hundred cars an hour, he knew who was partly to blame: the disembodied female voice he could hear through the occasional open window saying, “Continue on Elm Avenue . . . .”
The marked detour around a monthslong road repair was several blocks away. But plenty of drivers were finding a shortcut past Connor’s Takoma Park house, slaloming around dog walkers and curbside basketball hoops, thanks to Waze and other navigation apps.
And so Connor borrowed a tactic he read about from the car wars of Southern California and other trafficweary regions: He became a Waze impostor. Every rush hour, he went on the Googleowned socialmedia app and posted false reports of a wreck, speed trap or other blockage on his street, hoping to deflect some of the flow.
He continued his guerrilla counterattack for two weeks before the app booted him off, apparently detecting a saboteur in its ranks. That made Connor a casualty in the socialmedia skirmishes erupting across the country as neighborhoods try to contend with suddenly savvy drivers finding their way on routes that were once all but secret.
“It used to be that only locals knew all the cutthrough routes, but Google Maps and Waze are letting everyone know,” said Bates Mattison, a city councilman in the Atlanta suburb of Brookhaven, Ga. “In some extreme cases, we have to address it to preserve the sanctity of a residential neighborhood.”
When population growth began to overwhelm a set of major intersections in his district, there was an increase of 45,000 cars a day on some residential streets, as apparmed commuters fought their way to nearby Interstate 85. In response, the city is posting signs to restrict left or right turns at key intersections.
The apps didn’t create the traffic, Mattison said, but they gave drivers options they wouldn’t have known about otherwise.
Waze, with 50 million users worldwide, provides navigation guidance by combining its map database with data it collects in real time from every loggedon driver. Average speed, backups and fleeting hazards such as a car pulled over to change a flat appear almost instantly on the app’s cartoonish interface. When the first Wazeenabled car finds its way to a promising shortcut, thousands can follow.
In Portland, Ore., for example, when drivers trying to avoid local construction began flooding a street that had been redesigned as a “greenway” bike route, city officials had to put up barrels on some stretches to filter out the vehicular throughtraffic. It worked.
“The apps reacted pretty quickly to that,” said Jonathan Maus, publisher of Bikeportland.org.
In California, where navigation apps are as common to drivers as sunglasses, several communities are contending with overwhelmed local streets that residents blame at least in part on the programs. In the Los Angeles region, Waze’s biggest U.S. market, a City Council person representing Sherman Oaks is considering a motion asking the programs to exclude some small residential streets from their algorithms.
It was here that Connor learned that some Waze warriors had launched concerted campaigns to fool the app. Neighbors filed false reports of blockages, sometimes with multiple users reporting the same issue to boost their credibility. But Waze was way ahead of them.
It’s not possible to fool the system for long, according to Waze officials. For one thing, the system knows if you’re not actually in motion. More important, it constantly selfcorrects, based on data from other drivers. “The nature of crowdsourcing is that if you put in a fake accident, the next 10 people are going to report that it’s not there,” said Julie Mossler, Waze’s head of communications. The company will suspend users they suspect of “tampering with the map,” she said.
Waze’s mission is to distribute traffic more efficiently across the grid of public streets, Mossler said, not to create traffic jams.
“That said, the traffic has to go somewhere,” she said. Although the app will continue to route drivers down any legal street, Waze programmers are working to build in alerts about school zones and other slowspeed zones, Mossler said. Traffic engineers say the side street flareups are a downside to the otherwise positive effect that navigation apps can have on vehicle flow.
They have proved to be a powerful force in moving cars past bottlenecks, and in many jurisdictions, including Maryland and the District, officials have begun working directly with Waze to glean information about potholes, backups and other realtime data.
The cutthrough disputes “are an unintended consequence of this great technology that is supposed to help people avoid sitting in traffic,” said Paul Silberman, a traffic engineer with Sabra, Wang & Associates in Columbia, Md. Those who live on side streets have been complaining for years about becoming through routes, but now it’s happening at Internet speed.
“These great shortcuts used to spread by word of mouth, but now they just spread like wildfire,” Silberman said.
In Takoma Park, Connor complained to the city’s public works and police departments, but nothing stemmed the flow.
He put out two plastic watchforchildren figures, but one was hit by a car and the other was stolen.
Connor and his neighbors put up “No Through Traffic” signs. And their city councilman, Tim Male, tried to get Google Maps to take note of the official detour, by calling the company and flagging it through the apps’ feedback feature.
But still they came. One afternoon, Connor counted a vehicle every two seconds on a street with a single lane available between parked cars. One morning, neighbors awoke to a cacophony of honks and went out to find a backup dozens of cars deep, two drivers in the middle about to come to blows.
Soon after, Connor went rogue. He experimented with Waze, confirmed it was sending drivers down his street and began filing his false reports.
“It didn’t do much and within two weeks they stopped showing up on the map all together,” Connor said. “They were on to me.”
The traffic flow began to wane when the road construction ended, Connor said, but remains three or four times higher than before it began. For some drivers, their app inspired shortcut became a permanent route.
See how “advancements” cause disruptions?
As much as you can see how the crowdsourced aspect of map-sharing is great for the individuals using them – people don’t understand how this has an overall effect on society.
Roads you’d normally never traverse if you didn’t have a “live” map, you now go down like you live there. No consideration for whether those roads have a certain unique characteristic (like lots of kids). And hardly anyone “treads lightly,” because they only have themselves and their personal desire to get where they’re going in mind.
Sure map technology is great sometimes (like the also invasive satellite or street views), which allow you to virtually travel places you’ve never been or want to check out. But at least they’re only remotely invasive – not physically (other than when they photographed).
Crowdsourced technology to me, is like what happens at food markets when disaster or economic crisis takes place. It’s everyone for themselves until all is destroyed. Don’t you see the parallel?